By Gerard O’Regan Bsc, Msc, PhD (auth.), Gerard O’Regan Bsc, Msc, PhD (eds.)
The background of computing has its origins on the outset of civilization. As cities and groups developed there has been a necessity for more and more subtle calculations. This e-book lines the evolution of computation, from early civilisations 3000 B.C. to the newest key advancements in smooth times.
This helpful and energetic textual content presents a complete advent to the most important themes within the background of computing, in an easy-to-follow and concise demeanour. It covers the numerous parts and occasions within the box - from the traditional Egyptians via to the current day - and either supplies the reader a flavour of the heritage and stimulates extra learn within the subject.
• excellent for undergraduate classes, it bargains many pedagogical gains akin to chapter-opening key issues, bankruptcy introductions, workouts, bankruptcy summaries, word list, etc.
• bargains exact details on significant figures in computing, akin to Boole, Babbage, Shannon , Turing and Von Neumann
• features a background of programming languages, together with syntax and semantics
• offers an summary of the historical past of software program engineering
• Discusses the development of synthetic intelligence, with extension to such key disciplines as philosophy, psychology, linguistics, neural networks and cybernetics
• Examines the heritage of the web revolution, world-wide-web and Dot-Com Bubble
• Follows the evolution of a few significant know-how businesses reminiscent of IBM, Motorola and Microsoft
Focusing at the basic components within the computing box, this truly written and broad-ranging textual content will catch the eye of the reader and drastically gain desktop technology scholars. furthermore, it's appropriate for self-study, and also will be of curiosity to the extra informal reader.
Dr Gerard O’Regan is a CMMI software program strategy development advisor with learn pursuits together with software program caliber and software program procedure development; mathematical methods to software program caliber; and the background of computing. He has released A sensible method of software program Quality and Mathematical techniques to software program Quality.
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Extra resources for A Brief History of Computing
7). , polynomials of order 7) and 31-digit numbers. A polynomial of degree 7 is of the form p(x) = ax 7 + bx 6 + cx 5 + dx 4 + ex 3 + fx 2 + gx + h. The machine consisted of eight columns with each column Fig. 7 Difference engine No. 2 Photo courtesy of Wikipedia. 11 However, no one was interested in his design and it was never built in his lifetime. It was built 150 years later (in 1991) by the science museum in London to mark the two hundredth anniversary of Babbage’s birth in. The science museum also built the printer that Babbage had designed.
For example, a shift of 3 positions cause the letter B to be replaced by E, the letter C by F, and so on. The Caesar cipher is easily broken, as the frequency distribution of letters may be employed to determine the mapping. However, given that Caesar was essentially dealing with Gaulish tribes who were mainly illiterate, and who certainly lacked knowledge of cryptology and frequency distribution of the letters in the alphabet, it is likely to have provided good security. The translation of the Roman letters by the Caesar cipher (with a shift key of 3) can be seen by the following table.
For example, the following example in SQL selects data from the employee table where the age of the employee is greater than 20. 2 Foundations of Computing Boole’s work on Boolean Algebra remained relatively unknown for many years as it seemed to have little practical use to society. 2 Boole 35 at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the 1930s showed that Boolean Algebra could be employed in telephone routing switches. He showed that it could play a role in the design of systems used in telephone routing and that conversely that these circuits could solve Boolean algebra problems.
A Brief History of Computing by Gerard O’Regan Bsc, Msc, PhD (auth.), Gerard O’Regan Bsc, Msc, PhD (eds.)